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Egypt

 

Officially known as the Democratic Republic Of Egypt, covers an area of 1,001,450 km2 of northeastern Africa. Its estimated population is about 85 million,the capital and largest city is Cairo with over 16 million inhabitants. The official language is Arabic, although English and French and sometimes Spanish, is spoken in tourist areas. The predominant religion is Islam (90% of the population) followed Christianity Copt (10%). 96% of its territory is desert, being geographically divided into three zones: Lower Egypt, comprising the north of the country (from the Nile Delta to Cairo), Middle Egypt, covering the areas of Assiut and El Minya and Upper Egypt, the southern region, which extends from Luxor to the border with Sudan.

Officially known as the Democratic Republic Of Egypt, covers an area of 1,001,450 km2 of northeastern Africa. Its estimated population is about 85 million, the capital and largest city is Cairo with over 16 million inhabitants. The official language is Arabic, although English and French and sometimes Spanish, is spoken in tourist areas. The predominant religion is Islam (90% of the population) followed Christianity Copt (10%). 96% of its territory is desert, being geographically divided into three zones: Lower Egypt, comprising the north of the country (from the Nile Delta to Cairo), Middle Egypt, covering the areas of Assiut and El Minya and Upper Egypt, the southern region, which extends from Luxor to the border with Sudan.


EGYPTpronounced in Arabic ( Misr ).

Located in North Africa, with the Sinai Peninsula forming a land bridge in Southwest Asia . Thereby, Egypt is a transcontinental country, and is considered to be a major power in North Africa, Mediterranean Region, African continent, Nile Basin, Islamic World and the Red Sea.

Egypt is famous for its ancient civilization and some of the world's most famous monuments, including the Giza pyramid complex and its Great Sphinx.

The southern city of Luxor contains numerous ancient artifacts, such as the Karnak Temple and the Valley of the Kings. Egypt is widely regarded as an important political and cultural nation of the Middle East.

Egypt possesses one of the most developed and diversified economies in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal rates in national production.

 


Cairo

 

Capital and largest city of the country, is a cosmopolitan city, full of history and mix of modern and ancient. Besides the large number of monuments, mosques, Christian churches, Cairo has its own identity and charm.

The most outstanding attractions are:

The Pyramids of Giza (Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure), symbol of the Egyptian culture, are located at the boundaries city at the edge of the desert. Spectacular for its grandeur, dating from the Old Kingdom, specifically the Fourth Dynasty and along with the Sphinx, are regarded as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that still preserved. The Egyptian Art Museum, located in Tahrir Square and built in 1902 by architect Marcel Dourgnon. Contains numbers of ancient Egyptian art treasures and the room really stands out is the one dedicated to the pharaoh Tutankhamun, unique treasure for its beauty and variety of content. The Citadel of Saladin, is located in one of the highest in the city, so it offers a magnificent panoramic view. Within this fortification walled stands Mohamed Ali Mosque, built in the Ottoman style between 1830 and 1857 by the Greek architect and Busnaq Yusuf also known as the Alabaster Mosque. After the Citadel, in the Plaza of Salah Al-Din, several mosques are of considerable interest: the Mosque Al Rifai, where the remains of the last Shah of Persia or the Madrasa of Sultan Hasan, the most important work of the Mamluk period. The Neighborhood Coptic Cairo offers the vision of Christian include Hanging Church, the Church of St. Sergius and Coptic Museum. The Khan el Khalili Bazaar is a maze of narrow streets forming one of the most famous bazaars of the Middle East, where you can find all the local crafts such as jewelry, silverware, carpets, hookahs, tissues, among other objects and curiosities. Its history dates back to the fourteenth century and among its most interesting highlights Fishawy cafe, meeting place of writers, poets and musicians, and where there is a space dedicated to the Egyptian Nobel laureate Naguib Mahfouz. Sakkara, located on a plateau of the Desert Southwest of Giza, is the oldest cemetery of Pharaonic Egypt. Stresses the funerary complex of pharaoh Zoser of the Third Dynasty and the Step Pyramid, divided into six levels of 60 meters high and considered one of the oldest monuments Egypt and even the world, dating back to the third millennium BC. Memphis, located about 25 km southwest of Cairo, was the oldest capital of the country in the year 3200. C. Among its architectural and cultural shows, excels especially the colossus of Ramses II, built in limestone with a length of 13 meters and weighing 120 tons.
Alexandria

Historical city founded by Alexander the Macedonian King Great in 332 BC, was the capital of Egypt in the Greco-Roman era. Located 221 kilometers north of the city of Cairo is known as the jewel of the Mediterranean. Main Sights Greco-Roman style of interest are Pompey's Pillar, built in pink granite 284, in honor of Emperor Diocletian, the Catacombs, to three levels and that house statues of the second century. C and the Greco-Roman Museum, comprising a large collection of pieces from the third century BC to the seventh century AD The main monuments are the Mosque of Islamic Atarín, XIV century, the Mosque of Abu Al Abbas El Mursi (the Murcia), Queit Bey Fortress, built in 1480 where he was the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria, which dated from the third century BC and considered one of the seven wonders of the world, Montazah Palace and its gardens, mixed Turkish and Florentine styles that once belonged to King Farouk.
The Oasis

Al Fayoum Oasis Located about 100 km from Cairo, offers an impressive microcosm of green hues and rich flora and fauna. It also houses a large salt lake, many archaeological sites, most of the Ptolemaic and Roman times.
Baharia Oasis

Located 402 km from Cairo, is one of the least affected by the changes and there is still observable the environment and the way of life of rural Egypt. His palm covering a depression of 100 km long, with a very uneven relief where some hot springs, of which the most famous is that of Ain Al-bismuth. An hour and a half drive are approximately the Black Desert, which is named after the minerals found there, and the spectacular White Desert, where various formations of lime offer a panorama of unparalleled beauty.
Kharga Oasis

It is the largest of the New Valley Oasis. On the edge city is the Temple of Hibis, built in a settlement of Saitas, Persian and Ptolemaic.
Farafra Oasis

In are the ruins of the Roman period of Kasr al Farafra and Kasr Abu Minkar.
Siwa Oasis

Located north of Alexandria, its rich history includes a visit to Alexander the Great Temple of Amun.
Luxor

On the right bank of the Nile in Upper Egypt, 670 km south of Cairo, Luxor is. It was the old city of Thebes, the capital of the kingdom during the Empire Again. He is considered one of the archaeological and cultural centers in the world Ancient Thebes, can be divided into two parts: the eastern shore (east) and the West Bank (West) On the east bank, comprising:

The Temples of Luxor and Karnak, together centuries ago by the Avenue of Sphinxes, flourished around the "City of the living." The Temple of Luxor is 260 m. length which occur courtyards and colonnades highlighting the courtyard of Amenhotep III. His curiosity and interest is that it is the only monument the world, which combine elements of the Pharaonic era, Roman, Coptic and Islamic. The greatest monument Pharaonic Karnak Temple is composed of temples, shrines, statues, the Sacred Lake, and the great hypostyle hall with 134 columns of 23 m. high and 10 circumference. Its construction began in 2000 a. C. until the Roman era in the fifth century
In the West Bank, we find:

The Valley of the Kings, which contains the tombs of the Kings fabulous New Kingdom, that is from the eighteenth to the twentieth dynasty and between their graves excel those of Seti I, Ramses VI, Amenhotep II, Thutmose III and Tutankhamun. The Valley of the Queens, comprises 80 tombs that hold the remains of pharaohs queens and children, among which are the tombs of the Queens Ti and Nefertari. The Temple of Queen Hatshepsut, built by architect Senemut, lover of the Queen, the Colossi of Memnon, two gigantic statues of Amenhotep III, the Valley of the Nobles, with several tombs of interest and Complex Monuments of Medinet Habu, where stands the great temple dedicated to Ramses III, are the other most prominent examples of the grandeur on the west bank of ancient Thebes.
Edfu

In the town of Edfu find the temple dedicated to god Horus, the falcon-headed man. Its construction began in the year 237 a. C., not finalizing until 57 B.C.
Kom Ombo

Located in an elevated position, the Temple of Kom Ombo, dedicated to two divinities: the southern the crocodile god Sobek, god of fertility of the Nile and the northernmost part Horoeris falcon-god, Horus the Great. Each of the gods has its part temple, with hits and various chapels.
Aswan

Located on the east bank of the Nile, 982 km south of Cairo and 230 km from the city of Luxor. Among the attractions are: 

Elephantine Island, where there are remains of a temple dedicated to the local god Khum and Nilometer, system used by the ancient Egyptians to measure the annual flooding of the river.

The Temple of Philae, dismantled and moved piece by piece Egilika the island dedicated to Goddess Isis. The enclosure houses the temples of Isis and Hathor, the Arch of Hadrian and Trajan temple. Of great interest is his show light and sound which is held in the evening.
The Unfinished Obelisk in the ancient granite quarry, designed to measure more than 40 meters high and weighing nearly 1200 tons. The Mausoleum of Aga Khan III, designed in the style of the tombs Fatimists. Inside the coffin is white Carrara marble that contains the remains of the former head of the Ismailis. The Aswan High Dam is considered one of the masterpieces of modern engineering and provides irrigation and electricity to the whole country. The botanical garden located in Kitchener Island, contains variety of African and Asian species and San Simeon Monastery, built in the sixth century are other sights.

Abusimbel

A 280 km south of Aswan and only 70 kilometers from the border with Sudan are the temples of Abu Simbel, moved with the help of UNESCO at its current location. There are two temples: The Big Temple of Ramses II, whose spectacular detail is his sanctuary, where four magnificent statues, including one of Ramses II. Twice a year (October 23 and 23 February, commemorating the birth dates and the appointment of Ramses II) the sun illuminates the sanctuary statues. Beside him stands the small temple of Nefertari, smaller dimensions and dedicated to the goddess Hathor and Queen Nefertari, wife of Pharaoh.
Lake Nasser

Nubian Sea

Lago result of the construction of the Aswan Dam. Perform this innovative cruise from Aswan to Abu Simbel and vice versa provides temples and ruins look as interesting as Kasr Ibrim, Temple sacred to Amun Re in Amada, Temple of Wadi el Sebu, built during the Empire Again, the temple of Dakka, dedicated to Thoth, Temple of Kalabsha, built by Emperor Augustus or the Temple of Beit el Bali. 

 

Red Sea coast extending from the Gulf of Suez to the border with Sudan. They offer a rich variety of flora and fauna as well as significant reserves of corals.

Hurghada

 

Founded in the early twentieth century, is located about 300 km from Luxor and about 500 km from Cairo. It is an ideal place to relax and enjoy all kinds of water activities as it has major resorts and hotels. Near Hurghada, find other important tourist centers such as El Gouna, Makady, Port Safaga and Soma Bay, home to one of the best golf courses in the country: The Cascades.
Sharm el Sheikh

Located south of the Sinai Peninsula, is one of the busiest areas for the practice of immersion as it has a wealth of flora and fauna. Its crystal clear waters favor the view of coral reefs and the many marine species that inhabit its waters. For diving enthusiasts, highlights the Reserve Ras Mohamed, that divided the Red Sea in the Gulfs of Suez and Aqaba, considered one of the most beautiful areas for this sport. About 2 hours' drive from Sharm El Sheikh, are the ancient Monastery of St Catherine , located at a height of 1570 m., Whose history dates back to the fourth century, when some anchorites took refuge in these mountains of Sinai, looking a place safe from the persecutions to which they were subjected by nomadic tribes, and the legendary Mount Sinai, of 2285 m. high and place where Moses received the Ten Commandments Table.Dahab, gold in Arabic, and Taba, place of confluence Egypt, Jordan, Israel and Saudi Arabia are other important sites in the Peninsula Sinai.
General information

 

ACCOMMODATION


Hotels, cruises and dietary

No triple rooms are contemplated or quadruple ,if ordered, this will have an extra folding bed. As for the cabins or staterooms, their size is usually between 15 and 20 m2 by ship. The allocation of the rooms are done randomly by the staff of the motorboat or hotel, with all standard class or higher. During the stay in the cruise, it will stay one or two nights docked in Aswan as well in Luxor, so navigating the same never corresponds to the night cruise is made, being that between Luxor and Aswan in approximately two days. The program of visits during the cruise can be adjusted by the direction of the boat, without notice, for operational or needs trip. Due to the low supply in LakeNasser cruises, there may be changes of dates and place of shipment, this being either Aswan or Abusimbel, so that the itinerary Travel can be altered and changes in form, but without affecting its content. The entry into the cruise (check in) is normally at 14.00 h departure or check out at 8.00 am in the morning. In hotels, the input is also at 14.00 h, must leave the room before 12.00 on day of departure. It is possible that in some cruises will require a passport returning it at the end of the cruise. The diet during the cruise is full board, starting with lunch on the day of embarkation and ending with breakfast on day of disembarkation. The dinner hours both in hotels and on cruise ships usually ends at 21.00, so if due to flight schedules, entry into the cruise or hotel, occurs later, dinner is not included. Drinks are never included in the price of the programs. In programs that include full board throughout the trip, it will start with dinner on the first day and end with breakfast on the last day.

The hotels and boats can establish, for Christmas and New Year, compulsory gala dinners, which may incur additional charges to the price of the trip.

 

PASSPORT / VISA

 

They need a passport valid for at least six months from arrival in Egypt. The visa for Spanish citizens is mandatory and is processed on arrival at the country through our correspondent (the cost is 34 e). Check changes.

 

CUSTOMS

Allowed into Egypt duty free 200 cigarettes of spirits or 2 liters of wine. (Regulation subject to change without notice). Is prohibited antiques out of the country, there is no problem to take with gift items, such as papyrus, copperware, silver, gold, carpets, handicrafts, etc..


CLIMATE / TEMPERATURE

In general, the climate of is characterized by sunny and dry, with little rain.

Cairo enjoys a pleasant climate free of extreme temperatures. In Upper Egypt, namely in the area of Luxor-Aswan-Abu Simbel, very dry weather prevails no rain and high temperatures during summer (reaching 40 º C). In winter, it is possible that the minimum temperature both in Cairo and in the South, lower than 10 º C, so it is advisable to bring warm clothes if traveling at this time.

 

CURRENCY / MONEY EXCHANGE

 

The Egyptian currency is the Egyptian pound (LE), which is divided into 100 piasters. In most shops accept U.S. dollars ($) and Euros (e). Currently the rate is approximately 1e = 7 LE and $ 1 = 6 LE is advisable to change money in small amounts, since leaving the country not often change. There are banks and exchange offices in most major cities and hotels. On ships, although there are sometimes change is facilitated through bank representatives.

Large hotels and restaurants as well as numerous shops accept payment by Visa, Mastercard and American Express. According to the establishment, was charged a percentage of 3 to 5%.


HEALTH / VACCINES

No vaccine is required whatsoever. For more information address the delegation of health of its population.


BAGGAGE

If traveling in economy class, the weight limit by airlines is 20 kg per person. Excess baggage is subject to charges, which the airline may apply anyway they see fit. On board the aircraft only allowed a handbag. In case of theft or damage baggage, complaints must be filed at the same airport, whose proof, along with the ticket will be essential in order to recover. Identification labels should be placed in all bags that will be billed.

 

POWER

 

Overall predominates 220 volt 50 cycle.
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TIP

 

Tipping is customary or bakshish so ingrained and as old as the history of Egypt. For guidance and for an eight-day trip, count as a total approximate forecast of 35 to 45 $ per person, divided among the crew of the cruise, the guide, the driver, porters, etc..

 

PHOTOGRAPHY AND VIDEO

 

It is advisable to declare the video cameras at the entrance and exit of the country (see the representative agency at the airport). In some museums and tombs is forbidden to take photographs or video footage or in some cases their amount charged.

 

DINING / BEVERAGES

 

In hotels and cruises usually international food adapted to the products available in the local market. As Egyptian specialties Ghanug find dishes like Baba, sesame cream, hummus, chickpeas and stuffed grape leaves, Kabah, roast lamb skewer type), Kofta (meatballs grilled lamb), Fatta (cooked with rice and bread). The typical drink is mint tea (Shai), Turkish coffee or Karkadé (infusion of hibiscus flowers). Refrain consuming than bottled water, and consume very cold drinks in summer.

 

VISITING HOURS AND MONUMENTS

 

The store hours are usually open from 9 to 13 h. and 16 h. late into the night. Banks are only open in the mornings. Friday is a holiday in Egypt and the museums in this day and some businesses are closing at noon (from 11:30 h. To 13.00.) Due to prayer in the mosque. The Monastery of Santa Catalina, closed on Fridays, Sundays and during religious festivals. It is also possible schedule changes without notice, so please check before you begin your trip or your local guide on arrival. Likewise, there are monuments to a limited number Daily ticket: the case of the Pyramids of Cheops and Chephren and the Tomb of Tutankahmon. The sound and light shows in Abusimbel Temples of Karnak in Luxor, Aswan and Philae and the Pyramids of Giza are conducted in several languages and times. During the month of Ramadan, the most important holiday of the country and pretty, schedules can be altered due to the celebrations.

 

DRESS

 

Egypt's climate requires light clothing and natural fibers such as cotton. A sweater or Useful Egypt Warm clothing is advisable at night during the winter (November to March). Correction should wear at the entrances to the mosques as a sign of respect (banned shorts for women). Another common practice is to remove your shoes when entering mosques. In your luggage should not miss sunglasses, comfortable shoes, bathing suit, sunscreen, and an antidiarrheal and aspirin.

 

Domestic flights

 

Domestic flights in Egypt, sometimes may experience schedule changes or cancellations, may well affect the order of your itinerary, but always fulfilling the services listed. Any delay, modification or cancellation of flights is not the responsibility of the organizing agency or receptive.

 

Road transfers

 

For security reasons road journeys: Luxor - Hurghada, Aswan - Luxor, Hurghada-Cairo, among others, are made in convoy organized by Egyptian authorities. He made several departures a day and the allocation and distribution of these is performed exclusively by the local police hours before departure, and can sometimes be at dawn. Some distances: Cairo - Alexandria (221 km), Cairo - Aswan (982 km), Cairo - Hurghada (504 km), Cairo - Luxor (721 km), Aswan - Abu Simbel (280 km), Aswan - Luxor ( 230 km), Luxor - Hurghada (210 km).

 

Esna Lock

 

For maintenance reasons, the Esna closed from May 1 to June 30 and from 1 to 21 December. For this reason the ship is moored at Esna instead of Luxor, Luxor visits made by coach (Esna is located about 40 km from Luxor). You can also close the sluice outside of these dates. Due to the large number of ships and congestion that occurs in Esna by having to pass the lock one at a time, it is also possible that sometimes visits are made from Luxor Esna road or boarding on the cruise Esna is in or near a point after visiting Luxor. The order and distribution of the program may be altered due to congestion or closure of the sluice. Likewise, it may be that for this reason some visits can not be established, not being responsible in this case the organizing agency or receptive. Check changes.

 

SAFETY

 

Egypt is a safe country in terms of theft, robbery or crime. The people are very sociable and never bother to tourists, unless there is provocation. If in doubt, it is best addressed to guide or tourist police informing them about any problems.

 

SHOPPING

 

You can find many articles of gold, silver, leather, textiles, spices, papyrus, carpets, alabaster, water pipes, all items of pearl, etc.. We recommend that in the markets before paying haggle. In the hotel shops, jewelry stores, houses and restaurants Papyrus prices are fixed.

 

GUIDES AND REPRESENTATIVES

 

It guarantees speaking guide at all during the trip arranged visits, sharing this guide with other passengers. Transfers between hotels, ships and the airport is done by the so-called transferistas, limited exclusively to the accompaniment function.

 

Politically

 

Egypt has been a republic since 18 June 1953. President Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, President of the Republic from October 14, 1981, following the assassination of President Anwar Sadat, Egypt's Revolution January 25, 2011 and the election of Dr. Mohamed Morsi, President of the Republic June 24, 2012

Foreign Affairs: 

 

Egypt's foreign policy operates moderate lines. Factors such as population size, historical events, military strength, diplomatic expertise and a strategic geographical position give Egypt extensive political influence in Africa and the Middle East.

The permanent headquarters of the Arab League are located in Cairo and the Secretary General of the Arab League has traditionally been an Egyptian.

- Egypt was the first Arab state to establish diplomatic relations with Israel.

- Egypt has 29 provinces.

 

Climate:-
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Egypt does not receive much rainfall except in the winter months.

- The average temperatures between 80 ° F (27 ° C) and 90 ° F (32 ° C) in summer, and up to 109 ° F (43 ° C), on the Red Sea coast.

- Their average winter between 55 ° F (13 ° C) and 70 ° F (21 ° C).

 

Religion:-

 

- Egypt is a predominantly Muslim country with Islam as the state religion. Between 90% and 94% are identified as Muslim. Almost the entire population of Muslims are Sunni.

- There is a large minority of Christians in Egypt, who make up the rest of the population (between 5% and 9%). Over 90% of Egyptian Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria native.

 

Art and architecture:-

 

Egyptian art can be as diverse as any works in the world art scene, from the vernacular architecture of Hassan Fathy and Wissa Wassef Ramsis of famous sculptures Mahmoud mokhtar The Cairo Opera House serves as the main performing arts venue in the Egyptian capital.

Cairo International Film Festival, has been rated as one of 11 festivals with a top class rating worldwide by the International Federation of Film Producers Associations.

 

Literature

 

- Literature is an important cultural element in the life of Egypt.

- The first modern novel Zaynab Egyptian Muhammad Husayn Haykal was published in 1913 in the Egyptian vernacular.

- Egyptian novelist Naguib Mahfouz was the first Arabic-language writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature.

- The most popular literary genre among Egyptians, represented by the works of Ahmed Fouad Negm (Fagumi) Jaheen Salah Abdel Rahman el-and Abnudi.

 

Music: -

 

Egyptian music is a rich mixture of indigenous elements, Mediterranean, African and Western. Sayed Darwish, Umm Kulthum, Mohammed Abdel Wahab and Abdel Halim Hafez is the most famous musicians of Egyptian history.

Nowadays the most important contemporary Egyptian pop singers include Amr Diab and Mohamed Mounir.

 

Sports:-

 

Football is the most popular sport in the National Egypt. Egyptian Soccer clubs El Ahly, El Zamalek, Ismaily, El-Ittihad El-Masry El Iskandary and are the most popular teams. the Egyptian team won the Africa Cup of Nations unprecedented seven times, including two times in a row, in 1957 and 1959 and an unprecedented three times in 1006, 1008, 1010 and setting a world record. Squash and tennis are other popular sports in Egypt. Handball is also a famous sport in Egypt with his team holding on the record.

 

Military: -

 
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The Egyptian armed forces have combined troop strength of around 450,000 active employees. According to the Israeli president of the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense ancients, the Egyptian Air Force has roughly the same number of modern warplanes as the Israeli Air Force and far more Western tanks, artillery, anti-aircraft batteries and warships of the IDF

 

 

 

 

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